GBJM, Francisca EAE, d’Ancona FCH, et al [ Univ of
Nijmegen, The Netherlands]
Long-Term Results of Lower Energy Transurethral Microwave Thermotherapy
J Urol 159 : 1996-1973, 1998
The article is very sobering assessment of 231 patients treated at one center and studied for 5 years follwing transurethral microwave thermotherapy.
The cumulative risk of retreatment overall was 57% and cumulative risk of invasive retreatments was 41%
Retreatment rates of this magnitude are prohibitively high : the cost effectiveness of this treatment is very suspect.