Perinatal transmission of human papillomavirus from gravidas with latent infections.
P Tenti, R Zappatore, P Milgliora et al) (Univ of Pavia, Italy;)
Obstet Gynecol 93: 475-479,1999.
Mother to child transmission in the perinatal period may be a route of human papillomavirus (HPV) infections.
711 pairs of mothers of newborn were studied. Nasopharyngeal aspirates were HPV negative in all 11 infants in whom membrane rupture occurred less than 2 hours before delivery.
The risk of HPV transmission to the oropharyngeal mucosa of the infants of women with latent HPV infection is low. Time between amnion rupture and delivery appears to be critical in predicting transmission. Infants who are HPV positive should be considered contaminated instead of infected since virus is cleared within several months after birth.